Aortic Heart Valve Replacement Surgery is a type of open heart surgery which is commonly used to treat problems which are associated with the aortic valve of the heart. Aortic valve basically controls the flow of blood moving out from the heart to all parts of the body. Replacement of aortic valve involves removing a damaged or faulty valve & replacing the same with a new one which is made from animal tissue or synthetic materials. However, aortic heart valve replacement surgery is a major operation which is not suitable for everyone. Moreover, this cardiac procedure also involves a long time for recovery following surgery.
Aortic heart valve may be required to be replaced for the following two reasons.
This condition can worsen over time & in severe cases can also lead to life-threatening proportions like heart failure if it is left untreated. Moreover, there are no medicines which can be administered in order to treat aortic heart valve problems, therefore replacing the valve is typically recommended when a patient is at risk of serious complications, but is otherwise healthy enough to undergo surgery.
Aortic heart valve replacement surgery is usually performed under the influence of general anesthesia. This means that the patient will be asleep during the operation & will not feel any pain which is resulting from surgery. Following steps are also taken as part of this procedure.
This operation normally takes a few hours to complete. Aortic heart valve replacement surgery patients would normally have a discussion with their surgeons prior to the procedure in order to decide whether an animal tissue or synthetic replacement valve is most suitable in particular cases.
Aortic heart valve replacement surgery patients usually need to stay for about a week after operation, although it may be about 2 – 3 months of time before they fully recover. Patients should therefore take things easy when they first return home, but they can gradually start to return to normal activities over the next few weeks. Patients are usually given specific advice about possible side effects which they can expect during recovery period & about any specific activities which they should avoid. However, they will usually not be able to drive for around 4 – 6 weeks of time & will probably need to keep off from work for about 6 – 12 weeks, generally depending upon the nature of the job.
Aortic heart valve replacement is a big operation & therefore like any other type of surgery carries risk of complications. However, some of the main risks of aortic heart valve replacement surgery include the following.
Risk of death associated with aortic heart valve replacement surgery is about 1 – 3 percent, although this percentage of risk is much smaller than having to leave severe aortic valve problems untreated. Moreover, most people who have undergone aortic heart valve replacement surgery will survive & have a life-expectancy which is close to normal.
Aortic heart valve replacement surgery is one of the most effective treatments for conditions involving aortic valve. Alternative procedures for this condition are only used in cases where open heart surgery is too risky. Some possible alternatives to aortic heart valve replacement surgery include the following.
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