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Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)

Bone Marrow Transplant ideally replaces bone marrow which is either not working properly or ablated (destroyed) by radiation or chemotherapy. Your doctor may recommend a bone marrow transplant in certain cancers like lymphoma, leukemia or multiple leukemia or multiple myeloma. Other conditions calling for BMT include aplastic anemia affecting the production of bone marrow cells, severe immunodeficiency syndrome, congenital neutropenia, thalassemia, sickle cell anemia or if chemotherapy has destroyed your bone marrow.

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Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone Marrow is a tissue present inside bone & looks like soft sponge, red & yellow in color. Red marrow looks red because of the presence of hemoglobin & works in the production of red blood cells, white blood cells & platelets. Yellow marrow got its color from fat carotenoids & is responsible for producing fatty cells, bone & cartilage. Blood marrow is generally red till the age of 7. Later on red marrow gets replaced by fat tissue & is found in flat bones. In bone marrow transplant, damaged bone marrow cells are replaced with healthy marrow. As a protective measure, before any radiation or chemotherapy healthy stem cells are harvested from cancer patients. They are again injected back after treatment to restore immunity. Biopsy & aspiration are methods to examine the bone marrow tissue. Transplantation is serious, severe & encompasses lengthy post-treatment sessions.

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Bone Marrow Transplant Treatments

 

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1. Autologous Transplantation: In this process, person’s own stem cells are used & transplanted. These are stored & then used to replace the cells that are damaged by chemotherapy. Different types of cancers which are treatable by autologous bone marrow transplant are myeloma, leukemia lymphomas, breast cancer, osteosarcoma, testicular cancer & others. Cell separator gathers the stem cell from blood & a combination of  chemotherapy & drug stimulators like G-CSF are used to enhance the number of stem cells in marrow, causing them to spill over into blood circulation. It is same as a dialysis process. Later these stem cells are processed, frozen & stored for future transplantation.

2. Allogeneic Transplantation: In this type of transplantation, another person donates stem cells to the patient, but condition is that they should be genetically related. The donor will have to undergo human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching tests to qualify. This is to avoid stem cell rejection eventually resulting in GVHD (Graft-Versus-Host Disease). Allogeneic bone marrow transplant cures bone marrow diseases such as aplastic anemia, lymphoma, myeloma, myelodysplastic syndromes & leukemia.

3. Leukemia – Bone Marrow Cancer: This cancer begins in blood stem cells resulting in high number abnormal count of stem cells. This cancer has two types, one is Lymphocytic leukemia where lymphocytes count is more & another is myelogenous leukemia where red blood cells, granulocytes, monocytes or platelets count is more. Both are dangerous. Common symptoms of this medical condition include, bruising & bleeding problems, fever, tired feeling alongside increased risk of infections due to lack of normal blood cells. Radiation, chemotherapy & bone marrow transplant are the range of treatments for Leukemia.

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4. Aplastic Anemia: In this condition there is a permanent stoppage of blood cells production. It is caused due to injury or infection to bone marrow. This ailment generates fatigued feeling with uncontrolled bleeding & higher risk of infections. It is rare but one of the worst conditions which can develop at any age. The illness caused by this condition can be brief or chronic, severe & even fatal in some cases. Patient has to undergo variety of treatments such as stem cell transplantation, blood transfusion & medications.

5. Sickle Cell Anemia: This is an inherited form of anemia; Sick Cell Anemia is a medical condition wherein there are insufficient healthy red blood cells in the body to carry necessary oxygen supply. Red blood cells are normally round & flexible so as to easily move around inside blood vessels. But in Sickle Cell Anemia patients they are shaped like crescent moons, or like sickles thereby becoming rigid & sticky & often get stuck in small blood vessels to block blood flow. However, there is no cure for Sickle Cell Anemia, but treatments however are found to relieve pain & prevent further associated problems. Signs & symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia which are not visible until infants are 4 months old include anemia, episodes of pain, hand-foot syndrome, delayed growth & vision problems.

6. Multiple Myeloma: This cancer affects the main system of body i.e. the immune system. Plasma cells are responsible for producing immunoglobulins (main antibodies). Due to uncontrollable multiplication of plasma cells whole body is affected hence the name “multiple myeloma”. Some of the multiple myeloma symptoms are pain, bone disease, fatigue, kidney damage or peripheral neuropathy. With multiple myeloma prognoses one can better the outlook & lengthen life.

Why India for Bone Marrow Treatments?

Healthcare surgeons in India are some of the finest. One can find highly specialized medical facilities with great working staff which are always friendly. Every day, many lifesaving operations are performed by super-specialty team of doctors in this country. Bone marrow treatments in India are quite affordable & hospital facilities are at par with standards in developed countries. Most laboratories are fully equipped with advanced radiation therapy equipments. Offering high-tech medical solutions to a large variety of healthcare problems, it is no wonder that India is one of the most favored global health care destinations today.

What IndianMedTrip Offers?

We are keen to make sure you never have to stay away from the best medical healthcare services. IndianMedTrip ensures you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of Bone Marrow Transplant treatments to overcome all kinds of medical problems including leukemia, sickle cell anemia, neuroblastoma, multiple myeloma & other associated genetic diseases.

  • Provision of outstanding medical treatments & facilities from top healthcare giants like Apollo & Fortis
  • 24*7 assistance through call & electronic mail
  • High quality, economical, transparent & hassle-free services
  • Access to top-notch bone marrow surgeons & leading hospitals

Low Cost Bone Marrow Transplant in India

Bone marrow transplant in India is a sensible idea for international patients seeking good quality of affordable medical procedures beyond their homeland. Bone marrow transplants are very expensive procedures & are mostly available only in developed countries around the world. In comparison with this, bone marrow transplant costs in India are just a fraction of what a patient will have to pay in countries like the United Kingdom, Canada or United States. It is unbelievable as to how much a patient can save by undergoing treatment in India where the quality of BMT is at par with the best in the world. IndianMedTrip is associated with top surgeons & the best bone marrow transplant treatment facilities in the country so as to give the most competitive treatment packages to overseas patients. Moreover, seamless services offered by IndianMedTrip includes assisting the patient & his/her accomplice obtain medical visas, warm reception at the airport, scheduling appointments & treatment sessions, follow-up evaluation checks & an affectionate farewell following successful outcomes.

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