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Bow Leg Correction Surgery for Knock Knees

Also known as Genu Varum, bowed legs refer to a condition where there is a noticeable gap between knees & legs of patients. It is most commonly observed among children who are overweight. Toddler’s legs normally appear curved in an outward direction. Majority of children suffer from limb-length discrepancy due to bowing of legs. Bowed appearance is often exaggerated during walking. Previous medical & family history may be helpful in determining likelihood of its progression. When a child learns to walk, he/she may in this condition trip frequently. However, this problem resolves with time without any specific treatment, as a part of normal development. If it persists for longer periods of time, parents must consult an experienced pediatric surgeon.

Bow Leg Correction Surgery

Causes of Bowed Legs

Condition of bow leg may develop due to the enumerated factors.

  • Blount’s Disease – Blount’s disease usually results from a deformity of growth plate in the upper region of tibia (shinbone). These growth plates are typically situated at the edges of toddler’s long bones. They are helpful in determining the dimensions of adult bone. Toddlers who start walking at an early age are at higher risk of developing this condition.
  • Rickets – Deficiency of vitamin D for a prolonged period of time results in a condition known as ‘rickets’. This condition leads to weakening of bones & ultimately resulting in bowing of legs.
  • Paget’s Disease – This is a deformity which causes weakening of bones. It adversely affects rebuilding capacity of bones & over time it may result in bow leg & several other joint problems.

Following factors may also result in bowlegs.

  • Bone dysplasia or abnormally-developed bones
  • Bone fractures which have failed to heal appropriately
  • Fluoride poisoning
  • Lead poisoning

Signs & Symptoms of Bowed Legs

Most common signs & symptoms of bowed legs are elaborated below.

  • Limb length discrepancy
  • Awkward walking pattern
  • Intoeing of feet
  • Abnormal stress on legs
  • Discomfort in hips, knees or ankles

Signs & Symptoms of Bowed Legs

In most toddlers, bowleg cases begin to improve when they reach 11 – 16 months of age. Parents should talk to a pediatric surgeon if child’s legs are still the same after having crossed the age of two years.

Diagnosing Bowlegs

Pediatric surgeons may perform the following set of tests for diagnosing severity of bowed legs in children.

  • Health Assessment – Pediatric surgeons may perform a thorough physical examination for determining the extent & level of bowed legs. If the amount of bowing in toddler’s leg is severe, then surgeons may order imaging tests.
  • X-Ray Test – X-rays are extremely useful in determining possible causes of bowlegs in children. If x-rays show presence of rickets or Blount’s disease, pediatric surgeons may advise few blood tests to confirm the exact causes of disorder.
  • Blood Tests – Blood tests may be required in some cases. Parents should follow all instructions of pediatricians to ensure a successful outcome for bowleg treatment.

Treatment Options for Bowlegs

Pediatric surgeons do not suggest any specific treatment plan for toddlers unless a proper diagnosis is performed. If the condition of bowlegs is severe or getting worse with time, then surgeons may recommend the following treatment options.

  • Shoes – Pediatric surgeons may recommend special shoes for children in order to rectify abnormal walking patterns.
  • Special Casts & Braces – Surgeons may suggest special braces & casts for children to correct bowed legs.
  • Surgery to Rectify Bone Deformities – Main types of surgical procedures for correcting bowed legs include the following:
  • Tibial Osteotomy – Surgeons cut the shinbone & modify it to correct alignment. Pediatric surgeons fix bone in proper position with screws or plates until it heals completely. This surgery is immensely effective in correcting bowed legs in children.
  • Guided Growth Surgery – In this procedure, growth of shinbone is halted & which gives the deformed side a chance to catch up with the other leg in order to result in straightening of bowlegs.

Recovery Following Bow Leg Surgery

Parents are supposed to take care of guidelines provided by pediatric surgeons. Regular follow-up visits are essential in maintaining checks on child’s progress. It may take 6 to 12 months for a child to completely recover from bow leg surgery. Parents should encourage children to stay active & positive during this period.

Benefits of Bow Leg Surgery with IndianMedTrip

Medical Tourism in India has emerged as a boon for international patients seeking top-notch medical treatments & surgeries at affordable costs. IndianMedTrip is one of the leading medical tourism companies in India providing a wide range of healthcare provisions to people from all around the globe. Healthcare professionals at IndianMedTrip are associated with a large network of highly skilled pediatricians who are efficient in performing surgeries like bow leg surgery. Bow leg surgery requires high degree of accuracy & Indian pediatricians are renowned for smoothly carrying out such complex surgeries. Customized services offered by IndianMedTrip are extremely cost-effective & highly reliable. Parents can rely upon pediatric treatments & services provided by IndianMedTrip.

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