Also known as Genu Varum, bowed legs refer to a condition where there is a noticeable gap between knees & legs of patients. It is most commonly observed among children who are overweight. Toddler’s legs normally appear curved in an outward direction. Majority of children suffer from limb-length discrepancy due to bowing of legs. Bowed appearance is often exaggerated during walking. Previous medical & family history may be helpful in determining likelihood of its progression. When a child learns to walk, he/she may in this condition trip frequently. However, this problem resolves with time without any specific treatment, as a part of normal development. If it persists for longer periods of time, parents must consult an experienced pediatric surgeon.
Condition of bow leg may develop due to the enumerated factors.
Following factors may also result in bowlegs.
Most common signs & symptoms of bowed legs are elaborated below.
In most toddlers, bowleg cases begin to improve when they reach 11 – 16 months of age. Parents should talk to a pediatric surgeon if child’s legs are still the same after having crossed the age of two years.
Pediatric surgeons may perform the following set of tests for diagnosing severity of bowed legs in children.
Pediatric surgeons do not suggest any specific treatment plan for toddlers unless a proper diagnosis is performed. If the condition of bowlegs is severe or getting worse with time, then surgeons may recommend the following treatment options.
Parents are supposed to take care of guidelines provided by pediatric surgeons. Regular follow-up visits are essential in maintaining checks on child’s progress. It may take 6 to 12 months for a child to completely recover from bow leg surgery. Parents should encourage children to stay active & positive during this period.
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