Cardiology is an element of internal medicine. A classification of medicine ranging from congenital defects to acquired heart diseases such as coronary artery disease & congestive heart failure. All people above 40 years of age should have a cardiovascular health risk assessment done periodically. The other side of the coin displays that 1of 3 cardiovascular risks are in fact preventable. IndianMedTrip accommodates your medical treatment with a team of expert doctors who will help you find the best solution for your medical problem.
We have teamed up with veterans in the field of cardiology, along with advanced hi-tech hospitals to provide you with an excellent healthcare experience.
Numerous patients out in the world select Medical tourism companies in India like IndianMedTrip to make their treatment tour a pleasant one. In India there are very competent doctors to treat all types of Heart ailments like Aortic Aneurysms & Dissections, Aortic Valve problems, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Procedures, Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) and Heart Transplantation, Mitral Valve Surgery, Angioplasty, Angiography, Double Heart Valve Replacement, Pediatric Interventional Cardiology. Some of the basic reasons to select India for medical tourism are:
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Heart surgeries or procedures at the best Cardiac hospitals in India range from the latest minimally invasive cardiac surgery procedures to traditional open heart surgery. Our Best cardiac surgeons in India offer a wide range of special heart surgery procedures, including:
1. Angiography: Angiography is an imaging procedure that uses a special dye and camera (fluoroscopy) to take pictures of the blood flow in an artery (such as the aorta) or a vein (such as the vena cava). This imaging procedure is an important part of diagnosis. It reveals the condition of the coronary arteries and other blood vessels and only then the line of treatment is planned accordingly.
2. Angioplasty: Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure performed to improve blood flow in the body’s arteries and veins which are either narrow or blocked due to atherosclerosis. It is basically an endovascular heart procedure. In this procedure, imaging techniques are used to guide a balloon-tipped catheter, a long, thin plastic tube, into an artery or vein and advance it to where the vessel is narrow or blocked. The balloon is then inflated to open the vessel, deflated and removed. The procedure is often called as Balloon angioplasty.
3. ASD Closure: An Atrial Septal Defect or ASD is a congenital defect. It is a hole in the septum, or muscular wall that separates the heart’s two upper chambers (atria). An ASD occurs when part of the atrial septum does not form properly. Atrial septal defect can be treated either surgically or through interventional catheterization, depending on the size of the hole. While a small hole can be managed through interventional catheterization, a larger one requires a surgery to close the hole. No specific or definitive medical therapy is available.
4. Carotid Angioplasty: Carotid arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood to the brain and the face and are present on each side of the neck. Narrowing or blockage of these arteries results in reduced blood supply to the brain leading to a risk of a stroke. Carotid angioplasty is done to clear the blockage and facilitate smooth blood supply to the brain. In Carotid angioplasty, a long, thin tube called a catheter with an attached balloon is inserted into a small incision or puncture in an artery in the arm or groin. The catheter is guided to the blockage site in the carotid artery using live x-ray imaging. The balloon is inflated at the blockage site in the carotid artery to flatten or compress the plaque against the artery wall to widen it. This enables the blood to flow smoothly through the artery to the brain.
5. Pacemaker: It is basically an electrical device to treat arrhythmias or irregular heartbeats. During an arrhythmia, the heart beats may be faster than normal (tachycardia) or may be slower than normal (bradycardia). By implanting a pacemaker, the heart beats at a regular rate. The device is placed either in the chest or the abdomen to assist and manage the asynchronous heartbeat problem. It is hooked to the heart with tiny wires and sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle to maintain a suitable heart rate and rhythm. Pacemakers consist of 2 parts one is the battery to maintain heartbeat and another is a lead to send signals to heart. The Pacemaker batteries last between 5 and 15 years (average 6 to 7 years), depending on how active the pacemaker is. Eventually, the wires of the pacemaker also may need to be replaced.
6. Radio Frequency Ablation: Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure that can cure many types of fast heart beats or tachycardia. Special wires or catheters are used. They are threaded into the heart, radiofrequency energy (low-voltage, high-frequency electricity) is targeted toward the area(s) causing the abnormal heart rhythm to regularize it. This cardiac procedure is utilized, to cure the disorder known as SVT (Supraventricular Tachycardia). It assists in overcoming heart problems like rhythm of heartbeat termed as atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter.
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7. VSD Closure: Ventricular Septum Defect or VSD is an abnormal opening in the interventricular septum that allows communication between the right and left ventricular cavities or the lower chambers of the heart. This abnormal hole in the septum allows blood to pass from the left side of the heart to the right side. As a result, the oxygen-rich blood can mix with oxygen-poor blood. Besides, some oxygen-rich blood is pumped to the lungs instead of out to the body. This may lead to increase pressure in the lungs, called pulmonary hypertension. VSD Closure can be done in two ways – the intra-cardiac technique and the transcatheter technique. The intra-cardiac technique is more commonly used, while the trans-catheter approach is used in select cases, depending on the condition of the patient.
8. Aortic Aneurysms & Dissections: At cardiac hospitals in India the multidisciplinary Aortic Program gathers all the vascular and cardiac specialists, interventional radiologists, cardiologists and imaging specialists to find different treatment choices for patients experiencing intricate aortic disease, such as chronic dissection or aortic aneurysm. For these sorts of disease the available treatment choices are endovascular procedures, open heart surgery, as well as de-branching methods for shortlisted high-risk patients.
9. Aortic Valve Procedures: In Aortic Heart Valve Surgery, the damaged valve which is either blocked or leaky, is replaced surgically with an artificial one. We at India provide various options for the artificial valve. The choice could be made between a mechanical valve which is made from a man-made substance and tissue valve which is made from animal tissue. Mechanical valves are usually made from materials such as plastic, carbon, or metal. Mechanical valves are strong, and they last longer. But blood tends to stick to mechanical valves and create blood clots, hence the patients with these valves need to take blood-thinning medicines (called anticoagulants) for the rest of their lives. Biological valves are made from animal tissue (called a xenograft) or taken from the human tissue of a donated heart (called an allograft or homograft). Sometimes, a patient’s own tissue can be used for valve replacement (called an autograft). Patients with biological valves usually do not need to take blood-thinning medicines. These valves are not as strong as mechanical valves, and hence they may need to be replaced every 10 years or so. These valves break down even faster in children and young adults, so these valves are used most often in elderly patients. Valve replacement surgery has a high rate of success and a low risk of causing other problems.
10. CABG Procedures (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft): CABG or Coronary Artery Bypass Graft method target to reinstate revascularization (complete blood flow) to all partitions of the heart tissues which might get affected by coronary artery disease. Our best cardiac doctors execute conventional and off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft techniques, and also hybrid Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery in association with Interventional Cardiology at Best Heart Hospitals in India.
11. LVAD (Left Ventricular Assist Device) and Heart Transplantation: Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) is mostly performed on patients experiencing the problem of complete heart failure. It uses a bridge therapy procedure for heart transplantation or a long-term curing option for heart failure. While on the other hand Heart transplantation is considered as an ideal treatment choice for many individuals who are in end-stage of heart failure.
12. Mitral Valve Surgery: This treatment procedure is the ideal choice to treat structural multi valve irregularity. It is most common in younger patients. Our best cardiac specialists are experienced and provide Mitral valve surgery for problems like heart failure and coronary artery disease. When the valve is not repaired then a minimal invasive surgery is performed to treat it.