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Colon Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Options & Cost

What is Colon Cancer?

Cancer is an ailment in which there is out of control growth of cells and colon cancer occurs when the uncontrolled cell growth is initiated in the cells of the large intestine. In most colon cancer cases the beginning is with small benign tumors which are known as adenomatous polyps and these are formed on the inside wall of the large intestine. These polyps should be removed with the help of colonoscopy failing which there are chances that they will develop into malignant colon cancers. The cancer cells in the colon also damage the healthy tissue close to the tumor which causes many complications.

Colon Cancer

Symptoms of Colon Cancer

The symptoms of cancer in different patients are different and largely depend on where exactly the cancer is located, the areas to which it has spread and the size of the tumor. Usually, patients suffering from colon cancer do not experience any significant symptoms in the beginning but as cancer grows the following symptoms start to appear:

  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Narrow stools
  • Changes in the consistency of the stools
  • Cramps, pain or gas in the abdomen
  • Blood in the stools or rectal bleeding
  • Continuous urge to defecate
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Iron deficiency
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

When cancer spreads additional symptoms can occur in the areas that are newly affected. These symptoms depend on where cancer has spread and the liver is the most commonly affected organ.

Causes for Developing Colon Cancer

Scientists are not sure about the exact causes of colon cancer, but there certain risk factors that you need to keep in mind:

1. Polyps

The most common types of polyps are:

  • Adenomas – which can become cancerous but are usually removed during colonoscopy
  • Inflammatory polyps – They usually occur after colitis or inflammation of the colon and can become cancerous
  • Hyperplastic polyps – These rarely become malignant

2. Genes and DNA type

In case of damage or mutation to the DNA and hence damage to the genes, the cells of the body can start growing uncontrollably.

Causes of Colon Cancer

3. Genes And family Type

Cancer can also be caused due to a family history of cancer. In this case, the person may be born with some genetic mutations or some fault in a gene that makes a person more prone to develop cancer in later life.

4. Diet, Habits and Traits

According to statistics, more than 90% cases of colon cancer are diagnosed in patients over 50 years of age and hence it can be said that age plays a major role. Then again people with more sedentary lifestyles, overweight people and people who consume tobacco in any form are more likely to develop colon cancer. The diet which is low in fiber and high in calories and fat along with red meat also increases the risk of developing colon cancer.

Diagnosis of Colon Cancer

A complete physical exam, as well as a review of the personal and family history, is taken into consideration in order to diagnose colon cancer. Diagnosis is also conducted with the help of a colonoscopy or a barium enema X-ray.

Cost of Colon Cancer Treatment in India

Treatment of colon cancer in India is much less expensive when compared to advanced countries like the US and UK. This is the reason that many people from these countries come to India for colon cancer treatment. The best part is that although the cost of treatment in this country is very low the standard of treatment is world class.

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Treatments for Colon Cancer in India

Colon cancer is the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the large intestine commonly known as the colon. The treatment options for colon cancer may vary from the shape, size, and location of cancer or the tumor. However, the various options are listed below-

1. Surgery

The procedure involves an incision in the skin and removing the tumorous cells from the colon or the complete colon. Nearby lymph nodes are also removed.

2. Radiation Therapy

The Radiation Therapy works on the concept of focusing high-energy rays on the cancer cell to destroy them.  This can be used as the stand-alone treatment to shrink a tumor or destroy cancer cells however this treatment can be used in combination with other treatments also.

3. Chemotherapy

The chemotherapy deals with intake of drugs that blocks the ability of cancer cells from further growing and dividing.  The drugs can be taken orally in the form of pills or capsules or passed directly into the vein through an intravenous tube.

4. Targeted Therapy

This treatment targets the cancer-specific genes, proteins or the tissue environment that contributes the growth of cancer and survival. The Targeted therapy blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting the damage to the healthy ones.

Depending on various factors of the tumor, the surgeon chooses the best treatment option to cure the patient suffering from colon cancer.

In India, there are many hospitals specializing in the treatment of cancer of different types. The cancer specialists in India are often trained in more advanced countries like Japan, America etc. and they bring this international knowledge and skill to India for the benefit of the patients. At the same time, the hospital facilities found in India are also state of the art and provide the complete treatment under one roof.

Why IndianMedTrip for Colon Cancer Treatment?

When people from foreign countries come to India for the treatment of colon cancer and other serious ailments, one of the challenges they face is to find the right kind of medical facilities. We are a medical tourism company which facilitates the coordination between the patients and the hospitals for the best colon cancer treatment at the most cost effective packages.

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