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Eyelid Surgery in India

Eyelid SurgeryBlepharoplasty is a surgical intervention involving outer eye & is more commonly known as Eyelid Surgery. This procedure is also fast becoming more popular among plastic surgery patients seeking a more youthful appearance. However, Blepharoplasty is not just cosmetic. While eliminating overhanging skin it greatly improves peripheral vision as well. Eyelid surgery is also the second most popular facial Cosmetic Procedure behind Rhinoplasty. Although women undergoing eyelid surgery largely outnumber men, it is equally effective for both sexes.

What is Blepharoplasty?

Blepharoplasty or Eyelid Surgery involves surgical intervention to repair droopy eyelids by removing excessive fat, muscle & skin on eyelids. Eyelids stretch as people age & supporting muscles eventually weaken. Excessive fat may accumulate as a result above & below eyelids causing droopy upper lids, sagging eyebrows & bags under eyes. Apart from making people look older, severely sagging skin around eyes reduce peripheral vision, most likely the upper & outer fields of vision. Eyelid surgery can substantially reduce or entirely eliminate these problems & make eyes appear alert & younger. Usually performed as an outpatient procedure, Blepharoplasty simply is an eye-opening procedure.

Why Undergo Eyelid Surgery?

Most people consider eyelid surgery when sagging or droopy eyelids keep eyes from completely opening or pull down lower eyelids. Removal of excessive tissue from upper & lower eyelids, one or both at a time, will improve vision & make eyes appear more alert & younger. People undergo eyelid surgery at the same time with other cosmetic procedures like Facelift Surgery, brow lift or skin resurfacing.

Eyelid Surgery can be an Ideal Option in following cases –

  • Droopy or baggy upper eyelids.
  • Excessive skin of upper eyelids interfering with peripheral vision.
  • Droopy lower eyelids causing eye-white to show below colored iris.
  • Excessive skin on lower eyelids.
  • Bags under eyes.

Good Candidates for Eyelid Surgery

Eyelids are a central part of face. Quite often appearance of drooping upper eyelid can also be due to relaxation of eyebrow & forehead skin. Drooping eyelids are sometimes caused by stretching of one upper eyelid muscle known as the levator. Plastic surgeons will thoroughly evaluate patients facial anatomy so as to determine causes of eyelid appearance & procedures which may best suit to remedy them.

Good Candidates for Blepharoplasty Generally Include

  • Individuals without any serious eye conditions.
  • Non-Smokers or smokers willing to quit at least 6 weeks before & after eyelid surgery.
  • Overall healthy persons who do not have any life-threatening medical conditions or illnesses which will impair healing.
  • Persons with positive outlook & seeking specific goals from eyelid surgery.

Preparing for Eyelid Surgery

Apart from meeting a plastic surgeon, eyelid surgery may also involve consulting an eye specialist for discussion before Blepharoplasty.

  • Medical HistoryQuestions asked by plastic surgeons during initial consultation will often include about prior surgeries & past or present conditions involving allergies, Glaucoma, dry eyes, Diabetes, thyroid problems & circulatory problems. Doctors would also like to know about use of medications, herbal supplements, vitamins, tobacco, alcohol & drugs.
  • ExpectationsHonest discussion involving hopes & motivation for eyelid surgery will set the stage for most satisfactory outcomes. Plastic surgeons will also like to discuss if eyelid procedure is likely to work well in your case.
  • Physical ExaminationSurgeons will conduct a physical examination on patient including testing tear production & measurement of eyelid areas.
  • Vision ExaminationAn associate eye doctor is most likely to examine eyes & test vision including peripheral vision of patients.
  • Eyelid PhotographyPatients’ eyes will be photographed from various angles. These photographs will help plastic surgeons with planning treatment along with assessing immediate & long-term effects.

Patients will also be asked to –

  • Stop consuming aspirin, herbal supplements & other such blood thinning medications. It is best that they should not be used for at least 15 days before & after surgery. Patients should only take medications that have been approved by the plastic surgeon.
  • Quit smoking 6 weeks before & after eyelid surgery as nicotine can reduce capacity to heal following surgery.
  • In case your eyelid surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure, arrange for someone to drive you back after surgery. It would also be sensible to have someone stay with you for at least the first night following the day of surgery.

Eyelid Surgery Procedure

Usually performed as an outpatient procedure, surgeons will inject numbing medications into eyelids alongside administering intravenous medication which will make you feel groggy but help relax at the same time. Plastic surgeons will work on the upper lids first in case your procedure involves both the upper & the lower lids. They will cut along the folds of eyelids & remove excessive fat, muscle & skin before closing the incision. Surgeons will then cut just below the lashes within the eye’s natural crease or inside while working on the lower lid. They will subsequently redistribute or remove excessive muscle, fat & sagging skin before closing the incision. In case eyelids are drooping close to pupil, surgeons may add another procedure called Ptosis along with eyelid surgery so as to address this problem. Resultant scars from eyelid surgery will be well concealed within the natural structures of the eyes. Eyelid surgery generally takes less than 2 hours of time depending upon the location & amount of tissue which is to be removed. Results of eyelid surgery will gradually appear as bruising & swelling will subside in order to reveal smooth & well defined eyelid & surrounding region along with a rejuvenated & alert facial appearance.

Eyelid Surgery Aftercare

Patients will spend some time in recovery room immediately after eyelid surgery. They will be monitored for any complications during this period. They may also be discharged later in the day for recuperating at home.

Temporary Experience after Eyelid Surgery

  • Lubricating ointment applied to eyes may cause blurred vision
  • Watery eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Double vision
  • Redness at incision sites
  • Numb & puffy eyelids
  • Bruising & swelling which is similar to “black eyes”
  • Some pain in the region

Surgeons Suggest Taking the Following Steps

  • Use prescribed ointments or eye-drops & gently clean eyelids
  • Avoid heavy lifting, straining & swimming for few days
  • Strenuous activities like jogging & aerobics should also be avoided for few days
  • Ideal to avoid smoking 6 weeks before & after eyelid surgery
  • Avoid rubbing eyes & incision sites
  • Do not wear contact lenses for 2 weeks after surgery in case you normally use them
  • Wear dark-tinted sunglasses so as to protect eye area skin from sun & wind
  • Sleep with head raised higher than chest for some days
  • Application of cool compresses will reduce swelling
  • Return to the cosmetic clinic after few days to remove stitches if needed

Recovery Following Eyelid Surgery

Lubricating ointments & cold compresses may be applied during eyelid surgery recovery. Eyes may be loosely covered with gauze after completion of procedure in some cases. Eyelid surgery patients are given specific instructions which include caring for eyes, application of medications or oral consumption which will aid healing & minimize potential for infection. Other instructions like specific surgical site & overall health concerns & follow-up evaluation with the plastic surgeon are also included. Initial healing period will include irritation or dry eyes, bruising, swelling & discomfort can be effectively controlled with ointment, cold compresses & medication. Irritation at incision sites may also be expected during recovery following eyelid surgery. Patients must also practice diligent sun protection & wear darkly tinted sunglasses until completion of the healing period.

Eyelid Surgery Risks & Complications

It would be sensible to speak with the plastic surgeon regarding risks applicable to eyelid surgery & the patient in particular.

Risks following eyelid surgery include –

  • Dry & irritated eyes
  • Difficulty in closing eyes
  • Other eyelid problems
  • Injury to eye muscles
  • Noticeable scarring
  • Discoloration of skin around eyes
  • Infection & bleeding
  • Need for revision surgery
  • Temporary blurred vision
  • Loss of eyesight is rare
  • Risks associated with all types of surgery include blood clots, reaction to anesthesia & pulmonary & cardiac complications

Eyelid Surgery Outcomes

Most people express satisfaction with results of eyelid surgery, which include more youthful & rested appearance with boosted self-confidence. While results of eyelid surgery last a lifetime for some people, droopy eyelids may recur for others. Scars resulting from eyelid surgery incisions may take about 6 months or longer to fade. Patients must however take all possible care to protect delicate eyelid skin from too much of sun exposure.

Eyelid Surgery in India

India is fast emerging as the most popular wellness tourism destination for a wide spectrum of healthcare solutions including Cosmetic Surgeries like Blepharoplasty or eyelid surgery for people from all around the world. Large pool of expert homegrown surgeons in the country provides a solid backbone to the healthcare industry infrastructure. IndianMedTrip, which is associated with top surgeons & best accredited hospitals, is the best in this region offering a variety of affordable medical treatments including aesthetic plastic procedure for international patients. Services provided by IndianMedTrip Consultants start with the first phone call & cover online consultation, assisting obtain medical visas, warm reception, hassle-free travel & accommodation, scheduled treatment sessions, recuperation packages & successful farewell.

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