Spinal Fusion Surgery is a procedure designed to permanently connect two or more vertebrae in spine in order to eliminate motion between them. This surgical intervention involves techniques which are designed to mimic normal healing process of broken bones. Surgeons typically place bone or bone-like material within space between two spinal vertebrae during spinal fusion surgery. Metal plates, rods & screws may be used so as to hold vertebrae together & allow them to heal into one solid unit. While immobilizing parts of the spine & changing the way it moves & works, spinal fusion surgery places additional stress & strain on vertebrae above & below the fused junction. This may also increase the rate at which these areas of spine degenerate.
Spinal fusion surgery is a permanent procedure connecting two or more vertebrae in spine so as to reduce pain, improve stability and/or correct any deformity. Doctors most often recommend spinal fusion surgery as treatment option for the following problems of spine.
Spinal fusion surgery is basically a safe procedure, but like with all surgeries, it carries potential risks & complications including the following.
Beyond these immediate risks of surgical intervention, spinal fusion surgery also changes working of the spine by shifting stress from fused vertebrae to adjacent areas of operation site. This addition of stress may also accelerate process of wear & tear in vertebral joints on either side of fusion & thereby cause further damage alongside chronic pain.
Preparations for spinal fusion surgery may involve trimming of hair over surgical site & cleaning the area with antiseptic or special soap. Surgeons will also provide specific instructions for patients to follow. Patients on their part should also let doctors know about any medications they are presently taking. Surgeons may also recommend them not to take certain medications before surgery.
Surgeons typically perform spinal fusion surgery when patients are unconscious under general anesthesia during the procedure. A variety of techniques have been developed for performing spinal fusion surgery. The technique which the surgeon finds most suitable depends upon the location of vertebrae which is to be fused & compelling reason behind spinal fusion. Spinal fusion surgery procedure generally involves the following steps during operation.
Two to three days of hospital stay is usually required following spinal fusion surgery. Depending upon the extent & location of surgery, spinal fusion surgery patients may experience some amount of discomfort & pain which is usually conveniently well controlled with help of medications. Spinal fusion surgery patients must immediately contact the surgeon when they exhibit signs of infection like the following after getting back home.
It may however take several months for affected bones in spine to heal & fuse together following spinal fusion surgery. Surgeons may often recommend that patients wear braces for some time so as to keep correct alignment of spine. Physical therapy can also teach them how to sit, stand, move & walk in a manner which will keep their spine properly aligned.
Spinal fusion surgery is typically an ideal treatment for spinal fractures, spinal deformities & instability in spine. However, results of studies are mixed when the cause of neck and/or back pain are unclear. In several cases, spinal fusion is no more effective than nonsurgical treatment procedures applied for nonspecific back pains. It can often be difficult to be certain about the exact cause of back pain, even when bone spurs or a herniated disc shows up on X-rays. Several people having X-ray evidence of back problems which have never caused them any back pain. Therefore, pain essentially might not be definitely associated with whatever problem that has been revealed through imaging scans. Even though spinal fusion surgery provides relief from symptoms, it can at times eventually result in more back pain in future. Since immobilizing a section of spine will invariably place additional strain & stress on areas around the fused portion, spinal fusion surgery may in cases end up increasing rate at which these areas of spine degenerate. In such circumstances, spinal fusion surgery patients may require additional spine surgery in future.
Neurosurgeons & orthopedic surgeons associated with IndianMedTrip draw upon their vast experience with spinal fusion techniques in order to help provide exact treatment & care which is required for each patient’s specific condition.
With cost of medical procedures getting costly by the day around the world, India has emerged as a leading medical tourism destination providing affordable healthcare solutions to international patients across many nations. Indian healthcare industry infrastructure is highly qualified & managed by doctors & surgeons who have been well exposed to developing technologies across the globe. In fact, many of these expert surgeons have initially trained in developed countries like the UK, Canada & United States for decades before returning to their homeland. IndianMedTrip is a globally reputed one-stop healthcare tourism platform offering a wide range of low cost medical solutions including spinal fusion & other orthopedic & neurology procedures to patients of all nationalities. IndianMedTrip services start with the first telephonic conversation & go on to assisting in obtaining medical visas, warm reception at airport on arrival, convenient travel & comfortable accommodation, scheduled appointments with doctors & surgeons, recuperative vacation options, follow-up appointments & finally a successful farewell.