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Lumbar Spine Surgery

Lumbar Spine Surgery IndiaAlthough lower back pain & associated symptoms are common, but lumbar spinal surgery is seldom necessary. Common disorder causing lower back problems include degenerative disc disease, adult degenerative spondylolisthesis, disc herniation & lumbar spinal stenosis. Lumbar spine surgery is normally considered when pain & symptoms cannot be managed through nonsurgical treatments & eventually pain becomes persistent. Other reasons for spine surgery include development of spinal instability & neurological dysfunction along with bowel or bladder problems. Minimally invasive spine surgery or MISS procedure is often recommended by neurosurgeons instead of traditional spine surgery. Goals of either procedures remain the same & include reducing nerve compression & stabilizing lumbar spine.

Causes for Low Back Pain

Certain common lower back pain among adults, have a tendency to occur more often in younger individuals than in older adults. Younger individuals, typically between 30 to 60 years are most likely to experience back pain from lower back muscle strain or from within disc space like lumbar degenerative disc disease or lumbar disc herniation. Quite often twisting, lifting heavy objects or sudden movements cause ligaments or muscles to stretch or develop microscopic tears. Low back pain is also caused by a variety of other problems within parts of the complex interconnected network of spinal bones, nerves, muscles, tendons & discs of lumbar spine.

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Typical sources of lower back pain include –

  • Irritation in large nerve roots of lower back which go to legs
  • Irritation within smaller nerves network to lower back
  • Straining of erector spinae or large paired lower back muscles
  • Damage to ligaments, bones and/or joints
  • Degenerating intervertebral discs

Problem or irritation within any of these structures cause lower back pain, or pain which radiates, or referred to other regions of the body. Many low back problems also cause muscle spasms in lower back which do not sound much but can cause severe disability or pain.

Signs & Symptoms for Low Back Pain

Even though low back pain is extremely common, severity & symptoms of low back pain greatly vary. Identification of symptoms & diagnosis pinpoint to the underlying causes of pain is the first step for providing effective relief from pain. Most common low back symptoms range from dull ache to shooting or stabbing sensation. Quite often pain may make it hard to move or stand up erect. Acute back pain appears suddenly, most often after heavy lifting or injury from sports. When pain lasts over 3 months it is considered to be chronic. Chronic low back pain is often associated with sleep problems including shorter duration of sleep, disturbances during sleep, amount of time needed to fall asleep & lesser satisfaction from sleep. Majority of people suffering from chronic low back pain also show symptoms of anxiety & depression. It would be sensible to consult a doctor when pain is not getting any better within 72 hours. Pain which is radiating down the leg is referred to as sciatica.

Treatments for Lumbar Spinal Problems

Neurosurgeons will make it a point to discuss best treatment option for your lumbar spinal problem. Right type of surgical procedure will depend on several factors including diagnosis & goals of surgery.

Common Lower Back Spine Surgery Procedures

  • Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion or ALIF
  • Direct Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion or DLIF
  • Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion or PLIF
  • Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion or TLIF
  • Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion or AxiaLIF
  • Image Guided Spine Surgery
  • Laminotomy
  • Laminoplasty
  • Intradiscal Electrothermoplasty or IDET

Lumbar Decompression Surgery Procedure

Lumbar Decompression Surgery is a procedure which is normally performed to alleviate pain caused by pinched nerves. Small portion of bone over nerve root and/or disc material under nerve root is removed during lumbar decompression back surgery so as to give more space to nerve root & provide better healing environment.

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Two of the most common types of decompression spine surgeries include –

  • Lumbar Laminectomy Also known as ‘Open Decompression’, this procedure is typically performed for pain resulting from lumbar spinal stenosis. Goal of this surgery is to allow more space for nerve root thereby reducing pain & potentially neurological symptoms causing any leg weakness. This procedure also restores patient’s ability to effectively participate in daily activities.
  • Microdiscectomy Also known as microdecompression, this procedure is typically employed for pain as a result of lumbar herniated discs. This surgical procedure is considered most appropriate for leg pain caused due to herniated disc commonly called ‘sciatica’ by patients. Medical practitioners however most commonly refer this condition as ‘radiculopathy’.

Lumbar Spine Surgery in India

India is an excellent medical tourism destination providing affordable high quality lumbar spine surgeries. IndianMedTrip is the fastest growing healthcare expert company within the subcontinent & is associated with the best spine surgeons & state-of-the-art multispecialty hospitals so as to offer you the best low cost medical solution. IndianMedTrip is well known for providing transparent & hassle free services which include assistance in choosing the right medical procedure, warm welcome at airport, transportation, accommodation, consultation to post-discharge activities & periodic health check-ups. Moreover, IndianMedTrip will effectively put your appointments & surgical procedures on fast track without any waiting period.

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