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Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson'sWhat is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive and chronic movement disorder, which means that the symptoms worsen with passage of time. The cause of the ailment is not known and presently there is no cure for it but the symptoms can be managed with treatment options like medication and surgery. In this ailment the vital nerve cells of the brain called neurons malfunction and die. Parkinson’s mainly affects the cells in the brain in the area called the substantianigra. Some of these cells are responsible for producing dopamine in the brain which is responsible for sending messages to the parts of the brain that control coordination and movement. As the disease progresses, the amount of dopamine produced by the brain reduces and the person is not able to control movement properly.

 

Symptoms of Parkinson

There are four main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease:

  • Tremor which is the shaking or trembling which affects the hands, arms or legs
  • Stiffness in muscles
  • Slowed movement
  • Problem in balancing or walking

Tremors are usually the first sign of the ailment although not all patients have this problem and not all tremors are due to Parkinson’s. These tremors usually start in one leg or arm or on one side of the body. The problem could be worse when awake and not moving the particular limb. It could get better with movement or when the person is asleep. Over a period of time all the muscles of the body are affected and the patient could experience trouble in swallowing or constipation. In later stages of the ailment the patient could develop a blank stare or trouble in speaking along with other problems while some people also develop dementia. The symptoms usually start to occur between 50 and 60 years of age but sometimes can start earlier.

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Causes of Parkinson

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is not known although scientists are conducting in depth research into the subject. Some medical experts also say that genetics may play a major role in the development of the disease.

Tests and Diagnosis Of Parkinson

There are no labs or blood tests to diagnose Parkinson’s disease and the diagnosis is usually done on the basis of the symptoms. The doctor asks the patient about the symptoms and the past health along with a neurological exam. This exam includes tests and questions which tell the doctor how well the patient’s nerves are doing. For instance the doctor will watch the movements of the patient, check his or her muscle strength and reflexes along with a check of the vision. The doctor will also ask questions about the patient’s mood and may have to try out a medicine. The way this medicine works will give the doctor an idea whether you have the ailment or not. Sometimes there may be tests like MRI to check for signs of brain tumor or stroke.

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Treatments and Drugs Available For Parkinson

Currently the medical experts have not been able to find a cure for this ailment, but there are medicines which can manage and control the symptoms and make it easier to live with the ailment. If the symptoms are mild no treatment may be required and the doctor may wait to prescribe medicines, till the symptoms actually become detrimental to your daily activities. A patient may need to take a number of medicines to attain the best results while the dosage may be adjusted as the symptoms get worse. The most popular drug for controlling the symptoms of this ailment is L-Dopa, but it causes problems is used for a long time and in high dosage. Hence other medicines are sometimes used to manage the ailment in its early stages. In some cases a method of treatment known as deep brain stimulation may also be used. In this treatment the surgeon places wires in the brain and tiny electrical signals are passed to the parts of the brain which control movement. These small signals can stimulate those parts of the brain and make them work better.

IndianMedTrip For Affordable Parkinson Treatment In India

Parkinson’s disease requires a lot of monitoring and regular treatment. The treatment of this ailment in advanced countries like the US and UK is very expensive. On the other hand world class treatment can be availed in India at a much lower cost. This is the reason that people from all over the world come to India to get treatment of this disease. IndianMedTrip is a medical tourism company that acts as a facilitator for people who wish to get the treatment for this disease in India.

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