Pediatric Orthopedic department at IndianMedTrip is an out of the ordinary unit procuring all orthopedic problems faced by children from birth up to 15 years of age. We make certain that early & prompt treatments for bone & joint infections are drawn together & many children are effectively saved from disability & growth related issues by prompt & timely intervention. While modestly boasting about providing intensive post-operational care units, we do not let any negatives hamper our little guests. Our healthcare facilities feature a large pool of highly skilled doctors who have performed complex pelvic osteotomies for congenital hip dislocation, using minimally invasive techniques to correct complex limb deformities. With the best modernized medical care, India affirms that no child is held back from pursuing the best possible healthcare benefits.
Pediatric Orthopedic deals with the study & cure of musculoskeletal problems i.e. bone, joint, & muscle in babies & growing children. Multiple orthopedic conditions are caused due to infections, nutrition, neoplastic, neuromuscular, psychogenic, & trauma. This science field comprises all details & problems associated with children joints, bones & the entire musculoskeletal system. Any problem of deformation or fracture of arms, hands, feet, legs & spine of children is referred to Pediatric Orthopedic surgeons. These surgeons treat a variety genetic-related bone diseases & bone defects or both. Specialists also offer treatments for bone fractures resulting from sports injuries & for which services of an expert pediatric orthopedic surgeon will often come useful.
Doctors in India are the specialist in terms of treating infections, deformities & injuries of the bone or joints. Pediatric Orthopedic surgery costs in India are affordable & just a fraction of what you normally pay in the western developed countries. These hospitals offer high-tech medical treatments along with aesthetic environments to patients. India is one of the most favored global health care destinations today for affordable surgeries. Most orthopedic surgeons are trained practitioners to treat a variety of musculoskeletal problems of children. Quite often what is thought as problem in children turns out to be just a variation of growth which will easily resolve with time. Some problems occurring in bones & joints of children do not even occur among adults. Therefore evaluation & treatment given in India is up to the mark.
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1. Clubfoot: Clubfoot is a type of foot deformity which happens during fetus development. In some cases, the foot is twisted in some angle or heel is smaller than the other foot. This abnormal foot posture causes a child to turn the ankle inward & walk on the outer edge of the foot. Earlier the better, if child is operated shortly after birth then it may prevent disability & problems associated with walking in later stage. The first step in management is taping or casting of the foot. Your child may require surgery for correcting foot or lengthening a tendon.
2. Congenital Hand Deformities: Congenital Hand Deformities can occur during development of the baby in the womb. It may be complete absence or partial growth of hand at birth. All types of hand deformities in infants are challenging for kids as they grow. In Congenital Hand Deformities like Syndactyly tissues or bones fail to separate. The degree of hand deformity differs from child to child ranging from minor hand deformity to severe types of hand deformities.
3. Congenital Limb Defects: Incomplete formation of lower or upper limb during foetus development can lead to Congenital Limb Discrepancies. Various reasons associated with this defect are genetic abnormality, mothers’ exposure to viruses or chemicals during pregnancy, some specific medicines & possibly smoking in some cases.Congenital Limb Discrepancies. Various reasons associated with this defect are genetic abnormality, mothers’ exposure to viruses or chemicals during pregnancy, some specific medicines & possibly smoking in some cases.
4. Pediatric Hip Dysplasia: Usual cause of Pediatric Hip Dysplasia is loose hips at the time of birth. Most often due to normal hormones which relax ligaments making childbirth easier, it is the left hip which is frequently involved than right because of normal baby position in womb stretching left hip more than right.
5. Bow Legs: Bowed legs is a common condition among children where the knees stay wide apart when they stand with feet & ankles put together. Infants are often born bowlegged due to their folded position inside womb. Normally legs begin to straighten as children begin to walk & bear weight. But by around 3 years of age if bowed legs are still present, it is time to consult your Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon.
6. Pediatric Limb Length Discrepancies: Pediatric Limb Length Discrepancies have multiple causes & availability of a variety of treatment options to equal or near equal lengths. Management of deformity in lower extremities can be a complex undertaking needing skills & expertise of a multidisciplinary medical team. Treatment plans are generally formulated after careful evaluation & thorough assessment including diagnosis, treatments & follow-ups.
7. Pediatric Scoliosis: Pediatric Scoliosis is a medical condition where the child’s spine is abnormally curved sideways or rotates. Ranging from mild to severe, patients may only need to have regular frequent monitoring or may need braces or surgery depending on the severity of cases. Although scoliosis might affect people of all ages, but is most common among adolescents.
8. Pediatric Fractures: Pediatric patients are generally at risk for specific type of fractures. Factors like decreased bone mineral density compared with stronger tendons & ligaments alongside increased bone flexibility & developing plates enable a unique fracture pattern that will eventually require tailored treatment plans. Pediatric fractures are different from adults; moreover, boys are much more likely to sustain fractures than girls. Trauma from events like sports is most common.
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9. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip or DDH is a condition concerning children where the hip-joint does not develop normally. Abnormality ranges from a minor laxity of ligament holding the ball in the socket to complete dislocation with the ball entirely out of place. In some cases, the hip socket may be shallow with loose ligaments allowing the head of thigh-bone to slip in & out of the socket. DDH is one of the most common hip problem cause in children which can also cause limp & pain, & differences in leg length.
10. Neurofibromatosis: Neurofibromatosis is basically a genetic disorder. While disturbing cell growth within the nervous system, it also causes tumors to form anywhere within the nervous system including nerves, spinal cord & brain. Usually diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood, these tumors are mostly non-cancerous, but can also turn malignant in some cases. Common effects of Neurofibromatosis range from learning impairment, hearing loss, blindness & cardiovascular complications to severe disability due to nerve compression by tumors.
11. Cerebral Palsy: Cerebral Palsy or CP is a group of permanent movement disorders generally appearing in early childhood. With varying sets of signs & symptoms between patients which often include weak or stiff muscles, poor coordination, trouble speaking or swallowing & tremors, problems with hearing, vision & sensation are common among children suffering from Cerebral Palsy. Babies in this condition do not walk, crawl, sit or roll over as normal infants do. Difficulty in reasoning & thinking often occurs in one-third of the cases along with seizures sometimes.
12. Muscular Dystrophy: Progressive weakness & loss of muscle mass are guiding symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy group of diseases among children. Abnormal gene mutations are found to interfere with the production of proteins which are essentially needed to form healthy muscle. Some common varieties of Muscular Dystrophy among different kinds begin in childhood & primarily among boys while others do not surface until adulthood. Although there is no cure for Muscular Dystrophy, medications & therapy will help manage symptoms & slow down the course of the disease.
13. Patellar Dislocation & Instability: Basically an injury of the knee caused by direct blow or sudden twist of leg, Patellar Dislocation & Instability occurs when kneecap slips out of normal position. With the swelling of the knee this condition can cause intense pain; patients most often will need an open or arthroscopic surgery to repair the damage. The manual orthopedic reduction is another treatment option which can be performed by a medical professional.
14. Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy: Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy or BPBP is an injury during childbirth to Brachial Plexus network of nerves traveling from neck through shoulder region to arm & hand. This network of nerves provides power to muscles of the arm. Severity & type of BPBP depends upon the location of injury & if it is a stretch, an incomplete or complete tear. Quite often in many cases the injury heals itself within 6 weeks, but if weakness persists, nerve surgery is recommended. BPBP is serious but treatable, & some children between 2-5 years of age are found to benefit from musculoskeletal, bone & joint surgery.
15. Osteogenesis Imperfecta: Lobstein syndrome is a congenital disease that generally causes fracture led by brittle bone disorder. Osteogenesis Imperfecta, also known as Brittle-Bone disease is untreatable but many signs of deformity can be corrected with surgery. Research shows that around 50k children in US are affected by this disease. Osteogenesis Imperfecta can affect anyone either male or female or within any age group.
16. Spina Bifida: Cleft spine is a spinal column defect which occurs during fetus development. Arches of vertebra or ‘Laminar Arch’ fail to develop or close around the spinal cord. Brain & spinal cord is affected in Spina Bifida. Myelomeningocele is a form of this defect which is a severe condition. Casting, stretching, & applying braces are procedures followed in treatments of Spina Bifida. Surgery may be needed if none of the above mentioned procedure works.