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Diagnosis and Treatment for Pituitary Tumor in India

What is a Pituitary Tumour?

The pituitary tumour originates in the pituitary gland which is essentially an endocrine gland. Endocrine gland means that the gland secretes their products and hormones directly into the blood stream rather than through ducts. The pituitary gland is pea sized. Situated at the base of the brain, its primary function is to control growth and development of the body and to also check and regulate normal functioning of other glands.

Treatment for Pituitary Tumor

A tumour is an unusual rapid multiplication of cells leading to the formation of a lump. Pituitary tumours can be of two types mainly secreting and non-secreting tumours. Secreting tumours release excess hormones and this has dangerous repercussions. As with most tumours, the cause of pituitary tumours is not yet properly justified.

Types of Pituitary Tumours

The two main types of pituitary tumors are:

1. Functioning Tumors: These lead to excessive production of certain body functioning hormones. These include:

  • Prolactin that stimulates the growth of breast.
  • Growth Hormones that leads to abnormally large growth especially in children.
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) that leads to formation of cortisol and impact the functioning of the heart leading to Cushing’s disease.
  • Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) that leads to excess of thyroid that in turn release excessive amount of thyroxin leading to hyperthyroidism.

2. Non-Functioning Tumors: These do not lead to excessive formation but can be dreadful if increased in size and begin to impact the normal functioning of pituitary gland.

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Symptoms of Different Pituitary Tumours

One extremely common symptom of a pituitary tumour is headaches and problems related to vision. This is because as the tumour increases in size, it tends to apply pressure on the optic nerve. Another symptom is the change in hormone levels.

Further to this different types of pituitary tumors have varied symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Weight gain or loss
  • Nutritional deficiency
  • High blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • Emotional illness
  • Nausea
  • Increased amount of urine
  • Excess sweating
  • Bone weakening
  • Nervousness
  • Visual changes
  • Nasal drainage
  • Infertility
  • Impotence
  • Mood swings

Symptoms of pituitary tumor

 

Diagnosis of Pituitary Tumours

Pituitary tumours can be diagnosed through a series of tests and medical examinations. It can also be diagnosed by the level of pressure on your optic nerve. Commonly used is the

Other methods of diagnosis include:

  • Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI) test which is basically a technique of using radio waves to image the body and detect any diseases or growths in the body.
  • CAT Scan works on the principle that X-ray images of the inside of a human body can be taken and converted to images on a digital screen.
  • Blood and Urine test to check whether there is less or excessive production of hormones.
  • Vision Testing helps ensure that whether the tumor has affected the peripheral vision.

Treatment for Pituitary Tumours

Different pituitary tumours have different modes of treatment.

  • If the tumour is non-functional, then a surgery is done to remove the tumour.
  • If the tumour reappears, then medical radiation therapy is done.
  • If the tumour is a hormone secreting one, then drug therapy is done to curb the hormone secretion and stop further growth of the tumour.
  • If there is no positive reaction by the body to any of the drugs, then surgery is opted, followed by radiation therapy.

Also Read: Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery for Pituitary Tumors

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Benefits of Pituitary Tumour Treatment

Pituitary tumour treatment is extremely beneficial for the patient as it prevents any further damage the vital brain tissues that are present around the pituitary gland. It also helps with control of different hormone levels and brings about a certain amount of normalcy in the body. The risk of any further diseases that may arise from the tumour such as colon cancer is reduced to a great extent. If the prolactin secreting tumour is treated properly, then the woman’s fertility can even be restored with hormone therapy.

Also Read: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Pituitary Tumors Treatment

Cost of Pituitary Tumour Surgeries and Treatment in India

 

cost-of-pituitary-tumor-surgery

Many small, trustworthy hospitals in India provide affordable pituitary tumour removal surgeries. Some hospitals claim that their prices for this treatment is as low as 25% to that of western countries and that they provide not just treatment for the patient but also assist with all the formalities, accommodation for the patient’s family and timely meals.

What IndianMedTrip offer?

There are many cancer clinics and hospitals in India located across the country. We at IndianMedTrip work in association with top notch cancer hospitals of India so as to provide affordable, transparent and quality treatment of pituitary tumor. The treatment, accommodation, services, medicines and post care services are all taken care by our team of professionals.

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